Are British Shorthair Cats Healthy?
If you’re looking for a cat that’s easy to take care of and can live outdoors, British Shorthair cats may be right for you. However, you should know that these pets are prone to certain health problems. These include: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Arterial thromboembolism, and Feline infectious peritonitis. Here’s what you need to know about these diseases, and how to protect your cat from them.
Polycystic kidney disease
British shorthair cats are known for their health, despite their genetic predisposition to polycystic kidney disease. This disease can cause cysts that can become large and distend the kidney surface, but most cases of the disease are not fatal. A veterinary examination can detect cysts.
Symptoms of the disease include increased water consumption, weight loss, and vomiting. In severe cases, the cysts can cause the kidneys to fail. Treatment for polycystic kidney disease involves providing fluids and monitoring the cat’s overall condition. The disease can occur in any breed, but is most common in British shorthair cats with a Persian bloodline.
British Shorthairs are genetically predisposed to various inherited diseases, including polycystic kidney disease (PKD). It is also possible to develop hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common feline heart disease. According to a 2011 Danish study of over 329 British shorthair cats, HCM affects about 20 percent of male cats and two percent of females. Obesity is another risk factor in British shorthair cats, so proper diet and exercise are essential to maintaining a healthy weight.
The symptoms of polycystic kidney disease in cats are similar to those of feline kidney disease, and they all point to poor kidney function. Increased thirst, increased urination, vomiting, and lethargy are telltale signs of kidney disease. Other symptoms are less obvious, but they can be indicative of the disease.
British shorthairs can develop a congenital defect called peritoneal-pericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH), which causes a tear in the diaphragm. This causes pressure inside the abdominal cavity and damages the lungs. In such cases, your cat may experience breathing difficulties and vomiting.
Aortic thromboembolism is a common condition that affects blood flow to the hind legs in cats. Typically, the clot forms in the cat’s heart and moves down the aorta. This clot blocks blood flow to the hind legs and can lead to sudden lameness and weakness. Additionally, it can cause difficulty breathing, as the cat vocalizes with pain.
British shorthair cats are at increased risk of developing arterial thromboembolism. While the condition is usually not life threatening, it is serious enough to seek immediate veterinary care. While the cause of arterial thromboembolism is not known for certain, the symptoms can be very similar. A vet can test your cat for this condition using blood tests and X-rays.
This condition causes thickening of the muscle walls of the heart. Consequently, it can lead to a blockage of blood vessels and heart failure. Affected cats suffer severe pain and are at high risk of death. British shorthair cats are thought to inherit this disease, and ultrasound heart scans are useful to diagnose affected cats. Avoiding breeding from affected cats has been shown to reduce the risk of this complication.
The best way to prevent feline arterial thromboembolism is to detect and treat heart disease early. Routine wellness visits can detect heart murmurs and other signs, and vets can then prescribe a treatment before it becomes a serious complication. In many cases, the first symptom of heart disease is saddle thrombus. A vet may have discovered the condition through a routine physical exam, but the cat may have been healthy before.
British shorthair cats are susceptible to arterial thromboembolism. The clots can lodge in the aorta, obstructing blood flow to the tissues in the body. The condition can also lead to sudden death. While the cause of aortic thromboembolism is unknown, the symptoms can be similar to those of sepsis.
British shorthair cats can have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The condition causes the muscle walls of the heart to become thick, causing the heart to work harder than it should. This causes blood clots and is often accompanied by pain. The disease is inherited, so early diagnosis is crucial. But if left untreated, the heart muscle can deteriorate and lead to heart failure.
A veterinarian will be able to determine if your cat is affected by heart disease by examining him or her. If the heart sounds distorted or irregular, the vet can order an EKG to determine the cause. Alternatively, he or she may perform an ECG (echocardiogram) with ultrasound imaging.
Cats tend to hide their illness and symptoms. However, pet parents will usually notice rapid breathing, lethargy, and poor appetite. If left untreated, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may cause sudden death. Symptoms of the condition may also include high blood pressure and hyperthyroidism.
Cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have a genetic defect that causes an abnormal protein composition. This abnormality makes the heart muscle cells in the heart work harder than they should. As a result, they become abnormally thick. These abnormally thick muscles can lead to an abnormal heart rhythm or even arrhythmias.
Colour Doppler imaging can be used to detect abnormalities in the heart. TDI is a technique that measures longitudinal myocardial velocities in the early and late stages of diastole. The e/a ratio is an important marker of diastolic dysfunction.
During a four-year study, Sara Granstrom and colleagues examined 329 BSH cats for evidence of HCM. The animals underwent routine echocardiography. The examination was performed by two ultrasonographers trained in the technique. The study found that 28 cats were positive for HCM and 148 were negative for the disease. A further 5 were diagnosed with a different cardiac condition.
Feline infectious peritonitis
The study results suggested that feline infectious peritonitis is more common in purebred cats. However, prior studies have not focused on the prevalence of FIP in cats of specific breeds. In the current study, all cats diagnosed with FIP in a veterinary teaching hospital were identified and compared with cats of other breeds and the general cat population. The incidence of FIP was higher among cats that were sexually intact and young.
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a viral infection causing fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity. The virus is a type of coronavirus that acts on the immune system of a susceptible cat. British shorthair cats are particularly susceptible to this disease, which can result in fluid buildup and damage to blood vessels in the cat’s abdomen. The disease is potentially fatal if not treated in time and properly.
The clinical presentation of FIP is complex and variable. This could be due to variations in the virus or the specific immune response of the host. The condition manifests in cats with a decreased appetite, weight loss, fever, and depression. The symptoms are usually sudden and occur at any age.
In one case, a British shorthair cat presented with effusive FIP. Radiographs and ultrasounds showed a large amount of fluid in the abdominal cavity, and miliary white nodules were observed on the surface of the kidney. The mesenteric lymph nodes were also enlarged. The interstitial cortex showed focal infiltration of lymphocytes and macrophages. In addition, the renal macrophages stained positively for the FCoV antigen.
FIP is caused by a virus, FCoV. This virus infects the gastrointestinal tract and mainly causes diarrhea. However, it also enters the bloodstream and undergoes a systemic phase and then returns to the gut, where it is shed as feces. It is fatal in 60-70% of cases.
Hemophilia B is a blood clotting disorder caused by a genetic mutation in the haemoglobin. The disorder affects cats from birth and causes excessive bleeding. To confirm if a cat is affected, blood tests are conducted. These tests measure the concentration of factor IX in the blood. Using a technique called atraumatic venepuncture, a veterinarian can draw blood from the cat without causing excessive bleeding. Blood tests also measure the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), which is the time it takes for blood to clot. Other blood clotting parameters are normal in cats with hemophilia B.
Although British shorthair cats are generally healthy and don’t develop serious health conditions, it is a good idea to get regular checkups. Hemophilia B cats can suffer from certain blood disorders, which can be treated with medication and blood transfusions. Getting regular checkups and regular blood tests can help prevent the condition from becoming too serious. In some cases, the symptoms of this disorder may not become apparent until the cat undergoes surgery.
British shorthair cats are also susceptible to an immune-mediated disease called feline infectious peritonitis. FIP is a viral infection that affects cats’ blood vessels. The virus can cause fluid build-up in the abdominal region and affect the cat’s heart. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for this disease, so it’s better to keep your cat healthy and safe than risk letting them suffer from this disease.
Breeding from affected cats is not recommended, because this will only result in carriers and affected cats. Feminine carriers are more difficult to diagnose, but you can assess the littermates and relatives of the cat to determine whether she has the condition. Males should never be bred from female carriers, since they are likely to produce affected offspring.